Built in Ukraine in 1993, R/V Xuelong was an
icebreaker ice-strengthened to Class B1. China bought it and refitted
it into a polar research vessel by making an investment of 31 million
yuan (RMB), which has been put into service in place of R/V Jidi since
1994. The main technical indexes of the ship are as follows.
Total length: 167.0 m
Moulded breadth: 22.6 m
Moulded depth: 13.5 m
Full draft: 9.0 m
Full displacement: 21, 025 tons
Maximum speed: 18 knots
Cruising radius: 20, 000 nm
Main engine power: 13, 200 kw
Auxiliary engine power: 800 kw
Deadweight capacity: 10, 225 tons
The vessel is provided with advanced navigational, positioning and automatic
piloting systems as well as platform which can accommodate two helicopters,
a hangar and necessary equipment. She can continuously break ice as thick
as 1.1 m (including 0.2 m thick snow) at a sailing speed of 1.5 knot.
On board of the ship, there are labs of marine physics, marine chemistry
and biology, and meteorological and clean labs as well as a data processing
center, covering an area of 200 m2. The vessel is fitted with internationally
advanced apparatuses and equipment for ocean survey such as CTD and ADCP.
Besides, the vessel has 128 berths. The R/V Xuelong is now subordinate
to the Polar Research Institute of China (PRIC).
The vessel is now under the renovation work.